Former Board Members

Herbert J.C. Kouts
Dr. Herbert J.C. Kouts
1989 to 2000

Dr. Kouts was nominated to be one of the charter Members of the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board and was sworn into office in October 1989. He retired in January 2000 after more than 50 years of service to the United States Government.

At the close of World War II, Dr. Kouts left active service with the rank of Major to continue his education. In 1950, he joined Brookhaven National Laboratory where he headed research groups in nuclear reactor shielding and reactor physics. In 1968, he founded the Technical Support Organization, a "think tank" for the Department of Energy in nuclear materials safeguards.

In 1973, Dr. Kouts was selected as Director of Reactor Safety Research for the Atomic Energy Commission. From 1975 to 1976, he was Director of Nuclear Regulatory Research in the newly formed Nuclear Regulatory Commission.

Returning to Brookhaven, Dr. Kouts headed the International Safeguards Project Office for two years.  For over a decade he was the Chairman of the Department of Nuclear Energy, relinquishing the position in 1988; however, he remained Senior Physicist at Brookhaven until officially taking up his present duties.

Dr. Kouts received many awards for his distinguished and significant scientific contributions including the Atomic Energy Commission's E. O. Lawrence Award and, in 1999, the Secretary's Gold Award.  He served on numerous advisory committees and panels, including the statutory Advisory Committee on Reactor Safeguards.  He was a member and chairman of the International Nuclear Safety Advisory Group to the Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency on nuclear safety matters. In addition, he was a member of the Nuclear Power Advisory Group, advising the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development on activities of the Bank concerning nuclear plants in Eastern Europe, particularly the safety aspects.

During his illustrious career, Kouts authored (and coauthored) several score of articles, speeches, and research papers. He shared his experience and expertise in seeking to resolve difficult issues in nuclear materials research and development, international safeguards, and reactor safety.

Dr. Kouts received a Bachelor of Science in Mathematics and a Master of Science in Physics from Louisiana State University. In 1952, he earned a Doctorate in Physics from Princeton University.

John W. Crawford, Jr
Mr. John W. Crawford, Jr
1989 to 1996

Captain Jack Crawford served as a member of the Board from 1989 - 1996. Prior to being sworn in on the Board, he was an Independent Technical Consultant under the Trust Agreement for the cleanup of the Three Mile Island nuclear power plant.

He began his Naval career during World War II serving in USS YORKTOWN, USS SANTEE, and USS BROOKLYN. Following his duty as Submarine Repair Superintendent at the Philadelphia Navel Shipyard, Crawford served in various assignments with the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC). His responsibilities included providing guidance and direction to ensure that required safety, quality and reliability standards were incorporated in the planning and construction of naval nuclear power plants. He served under Admiral Rickover as Deputy Manager of Naval Reactors.

Following retirement from the Navy with the rank of Captain, Crawford returned to the Atomic Energy Commission (subsequently the Department of Energy) to begin a career in civilian nuclear technology. He held increasingly responsible positions culminating in being appointed Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary for Nuclear Energy. In this position he carried out a comprehensive "post-TMI" assessment of the safety of DOE nuclear reactors, the widely publicized "Crawford Report". He retired from the DOE in 1981.

Captain Crawfor graduated from the Tilton School, attended Norwich University, and graduated with distinction from the United States Naval Academy (class of 1942). He earned two Masters Degrees from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (Naval Construction and Engineering, 1946, and Physics, 1950). He completed the curriculum at the Federal Executive Institute in 1968.

Edson G. Case
Mr. Edson G. Case
1989 to 1991

Edson G. Case was twice confirmed as a Member of the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board. Mr. Case was a 43-year veteran of Federal service, and can rightly be called one of the pioneers of nuclear reactor safety. He graduated from the United States Naval Academy in 1946, earned an M.S. from MIT in 1952, and spent the next eleven years as a Naval Officer, including work in the Naval Nuclear Propulsion program under Admiral Hyman Rickover.

Mr. Case began his civilian career as a senior staff member of the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission and served with distinction as the Deputy Director of the Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation with the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. As Senator Strom Thurmond has noted, when the Senate voted in the 100th Congress to establish a safety board with broad powers over the safe operation of the Nation's critical nuclear weapon facilities, it was entirely fitting that the President should have nominated Ed Case as one of the initial Members of the Board. Ed continued to travel and work toward the advancement of nuclear safety following his typical grueling schedule until his final illness in 1991.

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